Toward an Archaeology of Gender

In this contribution I aim to present a personal view of the potentials for a study of gender in archaeology, and explore its implications for archaeology as a whole.

My position rests on the need to engage archaeology in key contemporary human issues- inequalities between the sexes is certainly one of them.

I present the conclusions from my previous investigations on Nagada II (ca. 3600 BC) rock art , the designs of Nagada II “Decorated pottery”, and early Egyptian goddesses as portrayed in the Pyramid Texts (ca. 2400 BC) to construe the social construction of women in an Egyptian religious-mortuary context in Predynastic-Early Dynastic times.

I adopt a paradigmatic-cognitive analytical stance that serves as the first step in a methodological procedure that situates cognitive schemata in a dynamic cultural milieu of individuals interacting with other in a social setting.

The structure and psychological experiences of these individuals is regarded as essential for comprehending and explaining the predominant schemata.

 

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