Egyptian National Cultural Heritage

In Egypt, sites, monuments and archaeological traces bear witness to a long history that goes back to the far recesses of prehistory and the dawn of civilization.

Artifacts in the low deserts surrounding the Nile Valley and in the open deserts beyond attest to the life of hunters and gatherers who lived there from the beginning of the Paleolithic (Acheulian period) to the eve of the agricultural revolution.

Sites in the Egyptian Sahara also document the first steps toward the domestication of indigenous African cattle and towards a complex pattern of social organization.


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