Professor Hassan served as Vice-President of the World Archaeology Congress (WAC).

He is President of Heritage Egypt, and Honorary President of the Egyptian Cultural Heritage Organization (ECHO).

He served as senior consultant to the Center for the Documentation of Cultural and Natural Heritage (CULTNAT), Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Egypt, and was chief-editor for 10 years of the journal African Archaeological Review (AAR) and served on the editorial boards of Antiquity, Holocene, and Quarterly Archaeological Review.

He taught at Washington State University, Pullman, USA (1975 to 1994), where he became a full professor in 1983.

He obtained his Ph.D. in archaeology from Southern Methodist University (1973), an M.Sc.

in Geology (1996) and a B.Sc. with Honors in Geology and Chemistry (1963) from Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt (1966).

He is currently concerned with cultural heritage management issues, with a particular emphasis on cultural heritage and development.

He is the founder of Heritage Egypt, an NGO (August 2008) dedicated to mobilizing cultural heritage for a better future.

He is also the founder of the Cultural Heritage Management Program at the French University in Egypt.

He edited in 2002 Strategic Approach to Egypt’s Cultural Heritage.

(UNDP/UNESCO, National Center for Documentation of Cultural and Natural Heritage, Cairo, Egypt), prepared the Management Plan of the UNESCO World Heritage Memphis Necropolis.

(Cairo: CULTNAT), He edited and contributed to Cultural Heritage and Development in the Arab World (co-edited with A. De Trafford and M. Youssef, 2008.

He served for two years (1988-1989) as Archaeology Advisor to the Egyptian Minister of Culture. In 2009, his initiatiated a project in Dahshur area Mobilizing Cultural, Natural and Rural heritage for Community development involving several United Nations organizations led by UNDP.

Professor Hassan is a UNESCO expert in water history. He served as President of the International Water History Association (IWHA) from 2005 to 2007.

His publications on water history include the UNESCO essay “Water History for Our Times (2011) and Climate Change and Our Common Future: A Historical Perspective for the United Nations Chronicle.


Other works focus on ethics, religion, and traditional water management systems.

He is the editor of Traditional Water Techniques: Cultural Heritage for a Sustainable Future (Cairo: Henry Graphix/CULTNAT, 2007).

A landmark contribution in water history is his UNESCO document on Water and Civilization: From Conflict to Cooperation, with J. della Priscoli.

He was also a member of the UNESCO Commission on the Ethics of Freshwater Use. He serves on the editorial board of Water Policy.

Professor Hassan led and participated in 50 archaeological and geoarchaeological field expeditions.

His current field projects include geoarchaeologal investigations of the Holocene geology of the Faiyum Depression and the Nile Valley.

His archaeological investigations focus on origins of Egyptian civilization and the interrelationship between climate change, Nile floods, and the sustainability of Egyptian Civilization.

His most recent work on climate change include “Human Agency and Climate Change” in Anthropology and Climate Change , Susan A. Crate and M. Nuttall, eds., Left Coast Press, 2008), Extreme Nile Floods and Famines in Medieval Egypt (AD 930-1500) and their Climatic Implications. Quaternary International (2007), Droughts, Famine and the Collapse of the Old Kingdom: Re-Reading Ipuwer. In Z. A. Hawass and J. Richards (eds.) The Archaeology and Art of ancient Egypt, 357-377, Cairo: SCA, vol I (of 2 vols). Professor Hassan is the editor Droughts, Food and Culture: Ecological Change and Food Security in Africa’s Later Prehistory. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York.

His publications include more than 250 papers and 12 books and monographs.

His recent publications on the theory and practice of archaeology include; The Lie of History: nation-states and the contradictions of complex societies.

In R. Costanza, R., Graumlich, L.J., and Steffen, W., (ed.) Integrated History and Future of People on Earth (IHOPE). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 169-196, 2006), Objects of the Past: refocusing archaeology. in Layton, R., Shennan, S.J., Stone, P. (eds.), A Future for Archaeology: the Past in the Present. London: UCL Press, 217-227. 2006), and The liberating power of archaeology: Changing aims and directions in Archaeology. In Butler, B., Hassan, F., Sparks, R.T., Ucko, P. (eds.) A Future for the Past: Petrie’s Palestinian Collection. London: UCL Press (2007).